The master Mechanical engineering (ME) consists out of  6 different tracks (BioMechanical Design (BMD), Energy & process Technology (P&E), Transport Engineering and Logistics (TEL), Opto Mechatronics, High-Tech Engineering (PME)).

BioMechanical Design, is the master track for disign of systems meant for interaction whit biological systems( such as the human body), or the design of systems for (human) robotics and haptic interfaces.

Designing systems where humans and
machines meet. 

One facet of Biomechanical Design is to investigate human movement, human perception, and human control characteristics. Another facet is to design user-friendly, intuitive technologies based on an understanding of human characteristics. The knowledge of human behaviour acquired can
be used to diagnose diseases, or serve as input for the development of systems that interact with or mimic biological systems. In contrast to the more clinically oriented MSc Programme in Biomedical Engineering, Biomechanical Design focuses on the engineering challenges of developing bio-inspired robots, fine mechanical systems, and haptic interfaces.


BMD consists out of three different specialisations: BioRobotics (BR), BioInspired Technology (BITE) & Haptic Interfaces (HI).  Each specialisation has different obligatory courses and will focus on different aspects of BioMechanical Engineering. You have to choose in the first-week which specialisation you would like to do, but of course, you can do courses from the other tracks as well as elective courses.

The first year of the track BMD consists of a combination of compulsory courses, specialisation courses, and electives. During the second year, students are required to complete a Master’s thesis project, preceded by an internship and a literature study.


1 EC = 28 hrs study, according to the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS), total amount of credits MSc programme = 120 EC
For more information on all courses please visit:


BioRobotics (BR)

Until recently, robots only played a significant role in the manufacturing industry. Nowadays robots begin to perform a wide variety of
tasks in society. The requirements for these service robots are vastly different from those for manufacturing robots. Instead of speed, accuracy, and power, service robots require safety, adaptability, and gentleness. This is the field of biorobotics. The word ‘bio’ has two meanings. First, biology is the environment for the robots. They have to cope with humans and nature. Second, biology serves as a source of inspiration, as the human body excels when it comes to adaptability and gentleness. This specialisation focuses on the analysis and development of robots that physically interact with humans. Topics include humanoid robots, robot vision, and robot touch. You will learn how to design, simulate, and control robots, how to model the human body and brain as a control system, and how to create mechanisms that interact successfully with humans. The knowledge obtained during this study is highly regarded within the traditional mechanical engineering industries; our alumni find jobs in all major industrial sectors.

BioInspired Technology (BITE)

Probably the greatest diversity of mechanical designs is found in nature. For each challenge posed by the often hostile environment, a wealth of solutions to cope with the threats has evolved. Inspiration from nature drives the search for innovative solutions in such fields as medicine, rehabilitation, microsystems, and mechatronics. In the BioInspired Technology specialisation, an extensive excursion into biology provides the inspiration to search for innovative solutions to what are often uncommon challenges. You will gain the skills required to develop innovative fine-mechanical systems that are inspired by mechanical approaches in biology. You will learn, for example, how to use springs and elastic materials to make lightweight and inherently safe, elegant constructions, inspired by muscular skeleton systems. You will gain knowledge about innovative design approaches in nature and skills to translate the biological working principles into technological solutions. You will also be trained to develop mechanical systems that naturally complement the behaviour of biological systems, in particular humans, so that the mechanisms are easy to use by a human controller.

Haptic Interfaces (HI)

Traditionally, most human-machine interfacing has focused on providing visual and auditory information, neglecting an important communication channel: haptics. Haptic sensation incorporates the sense of touch and proprioception, which allows quick and intuitive physical interaction with our environment. In the last decade, the use of haptics has seen a great surge of interest in a number of fields such as in: (a) restoring physical interaction (e.g., in teleoperation systems for interaction with remote environments as encountered in space and deep sea applications); (b) simulating physical interaction (e.g., for medical and automotive simulators); and (c) enhancing physical interaction (e.g., providing additional guidance for rehabilitation or driver support systems). This specialisation focuses on developing human-centered haptic interfaces in all of the above fields. Such human-centered design requires a good understanding of the mechatronics of haptic interfaces as well as of human control strategies, perception, and motion control. You will focus on the development of haptic devices (hardware and controller software), on the design requirements of devices for specific tasks, and on studies into the way humans interact with such devices.

For more information:

TU Delft website